Phillis Wheatley (1753 – 5 December 1784 / Gambia)
Phillis Wheatley was the first published African American poet and first African-American woman whose writings helped create the genre of African American literature. Born in Gambia, she was made a slave at age seven. She was purchased by the Wheatley family of Boston, who taught her to read and write, and helped encourage her poetry.
The 1773 publication of Wheatley's Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral brought her fame, with figures such as George Washington praising her work. Wheatley also toured England and was praised in a poem by fellow African American poet Jupiter Hammon. Wheatley was emancipated by her owners after her poetic success, but stayed with the ... more »
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- A Farewel To America to Mrs. S. W.
- A Funeral Poem On The Death Of C. E. An ...
- A Rebus
- An Answer To The Rebus, By The Author Of...
- An Hymn to Humanity
- An Hymn To The Evening
- An Hymn To The Morning
- Goliath Of Gath
- His Excellency General Washington
- Isaiah LXIII
- Niobe In Distress For Her Children Slain...
- Ode To Neptune
- On Being Brought from Africa to America
- On Imagination