a French writer and poet. He is known best as the founder of Surrealism. His writings include the first Surrealist Manifesto (Manifeste du surréalisme) of 1924, in which he defined surrealism as "pure psychic automatism".
Born to a family of modest means in Tinchebray (Orne) in Normandy, he studied medicine and psychiatry. During World War I he worked in a neurological ward in Nantes, where he met the devotee of Alfred Jarry, Jacques Vaché, whose anti-social attitude and disdain for established artistic tradition influenced Breton considerably. Vaché committed suicide at age 24, and his war-time letters to Breton and others were published in a volume ... more »
Click here to add this poet to your My Favorite Poets.
- Freedom of Love
- Always for the First Time
- Less Time
- Le Verbe Être
- Postman Cheval
- The Spectral Attitudes
Quotationsmore quotations »
''Nothing retains less of desire in art, in science, than this will to industry, booty, possession.''André Breton (1896-1966), French surrealist. Mad Love, ch. 3 (1937, trans. 1987).
The work of art, just like any fragment of human life considered in its deepest meaning, seems to me devoid of value if it does not offer the hardness, the rigidity, the regularity, the luster on ever...André Breton (1896-1966), French surrealist. Mad Love, ch. 1 (1937, trans. 1987).
''It is living and ceasing to live that are imaginary solutions. Existence is elsewhere.''André Breton (1896-1966), French Surrealist. repr. In Manifestoes of Surrealism (1969). Manifesto of Surrealism (1924).
''Perhaps I am doomed to retrace my steps under the illusion that I am exploring, doomed to try and learn what I should simply recognize, learning a mere fraction of what I have forgotten.''André Breton (1896-1966), French surrealist. Nadja (1928).
''Beauty will be CONVULSIVE or will not be at all.''André Breton (1896-1966), French surrealist. Nadja (1928).
Comments about Andre Breton
(March 26, 1874 – January 29, 1963)
(4 April 1928 - 28 May 2014)
(10 December 1830 – 15 May 1886)
(26 April 1564 - 23 April 1616)
(12 July 1904 – 23 September 1973)
Edgar Allan Poe
(19 January 1809 - 7 October 1849)
(1 February 1902 – 22 May 1967)
(31 October 1795 – 23 February 1821)
(31 May 1819 - 26 March 1892)