Virgil

(70-19 BCE / Andes / Cisalpine Gaul)

Virgil
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Legend has it that Virgil was born in the village of Andes, near Mantua in Cisalpine Gaul. Scholars suggest Etruscan, Umbrian or even Celtic descent by examining the linguistic or ethnic markers of the region. Analysis of his name has led to beliefs that he descended from earlier Roman colonists. Modern speculation ultimately is not supported by narrative evidence either from his own writings or his later biographers. Etymological fancy has noted that his cognomen MARO shares its letters anagrammatically with the twin themes of his epic: AMOR (love) and ROMA (Rome).

Legend also has it that Virgil received his first education when he was 5 years old and that he later went to Rome ... more »

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Comments about Virgil

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  • Fabrizio Frosini Fabrizio Frosini (1/21/2016 8:54:00 AM)

    other poems are posted under ' Publius Vergilius Maro '

  • Fabrizio Frosini Fabrizio Frosini (1/4/2016 8:46:00 AM)

    Although not many details are known about the life of Virgil, the work he left behind has earned him the prestige of being the greatest Roman poet and also amongst the composers of world’s greatest poems. Virgil is best known for his epic, The Aeneid which is modeled after Homer’s epic poems Iliad and Odyssey.

    Financially sound and well-off, Virgil’s parents provided him with a good education. He studied in various places including Cremona, Milan and Rome, showing a specific interest in mathematics and medicine. He moved on to study law and rhetoric at the Academy of Epidius, Rome in 54 B.C. One of his classmates at the academy was Octavian, who would later become the Emperor Augustus and Virgil’s greatest supporter. After graduation, Virgil took up his first law case but did not take long to abandon the study of law and shift focus to studying philosophy.

  • Fabrizio Frosini Fabrizio Frosini (1/4/2016 8:45:00 AM)

    Virgil studied with Epicurean philosopher Siro and began his career as a poet after fleeing to Naples due to the civil disturbances in 49 B.C. when Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon River. He was at first known as an Alexandrian when he entered the literary circles. A group of poets who wrote poems inspired from the work of third-century Greek poets were known as Alexandrians. Although he had a house in Rome, Virgil spent most of his life in Campania and Sicily after his property was confiscated for veterans during the battle of Philippi in 42 B.C. However, it was restored later on the command of Octavian. Virgil spent the next four years composing pastoral poems, Eclogues and Georgics which was mostly about farming.

  • Fabrizio Frosini Fabrizio Frosini (1/4/2016 8:43:00 AM)

    30 B.C. onwards, Virgil spent the rest of his life composing The Aeneid, which was pressed upon him by Augustus Caesar. Augustus insisted Virgil to write about the glory and magnificence of Rome. The Aeneid became Rome’s national epic. Ironically, Virgil was never happy about writing the composition; he felt it was a task imposed upon him which he was bound to do as a religious and political duty. Unsatisfied with the manuscript, Virgil had wanted The Aeneid to be destroyed but Augustus did not let that happen and the poem was published posthumously. The Aeneid gained Virgil immense fame and a godlike persona after his death.


    A journey to Italy and Megara with the Emperor proved to be fatal for Virgil. He died in 19 B.C. due to a fever he had contracted in Greece. He was laid to rest near Naples. Virgil was the voice of the Roman people who wanted to tell the world about the glory, significance and greatness of the Roman Empire, and the men who created it.

  • Fabrizio Frosini Fabrizio Frosini (12/16/2015 5:54:00 AM)

    Publius Vergilius Maro (Andes,15 Oct.70 b.C. – Brindisi,21 Sept.19 b.C.)

    Epitaph:

    « Mantua me genuit, Calabri rapuere, tenet nunc
    Parthenope; cecini pascua rura duces »

    (in Italian :)
    « Mi ha generato Mantova, il Salento mi rapì la vita, ora Napoli mi conserva; cantai pascoli, campagne, comandanti »
    (Epitaffio)

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Best Poem of Virgil

The Georgics


GEORGIC I

What makes the cornfield smile; beneath what star
Maecenas, it is meet to turn the sod
Or marry elm with vine; how tend the steer;
What pains for cattle-keeping, or what proof
Of patient trial serves for thrifty bees;-
Such are my themes.
O universal lights
Most glorious! ye that lead the gliding year
Along the sky, Liber and Ceres mild,
If by your bounty holpen earth once changed
Chaonian acorn for the plump wheat-ear,
And mingled with the grape, your new-found gift,
The draughts of ...

Read the full of The Georgics

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