Omar Khayyám (1048 – 1131) was a Persian polymath: philosopher, mathematician, astronomer and poet. He also wrote treatises on mechanics, geography, mineralogy, music, climatology and Islamic theology.
Born in Nishapur, at a young age he moved to Samarkand and obtained his education there, afterwards he moved to Bukhara and became established as one of the major mathematicians and astronomers of the medieval period. He is the author of one of the most important treatises on algebra written before modern times, the Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra, which includes a geometric method for solving cubic equations by intersecting a hyperbola with a circle. He ... more »
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'''Tis all a Chequer-board of Nights and DaysOmar Khayyám (11-12th century), Persian astronomer, poet. The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám, st. 49, trans. by Edward FitzGerald, first edition (1859).
Where Destiny with Men for Pieces plays:
Hither and thither moves, and mates, and slays,
And one by one back in the Closet lays.''
''And that inverted Bowl we call The Sky,Omar Khayyám (11-12th century), Persian astronomer, poet. The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám, st. 52, trans. by Edward Fitzgerald (1859).
Whereunder crawling coop't we live and die,
Lift not thy hands to It for helpfor It
Rolls impotently on as Thou or I.''
''Alas that Spring should vanish with the rose,Omar Khayyám (1048?-1122), Persian poet, astronomer. The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám.
That youth's sweet manuscript should close.''
''Drink! for you know not whence you came nor why:Omar Khayyám (c. 1048-1122), Persian astronomer, poet. The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám, st. 74, trans. by Edward FitzGerald (1879).
Drink! for you know not why you go, nor where.''
''Oh, the brave Music of a distant Drum!''Omar Khayyám (11-12th century), Persian astronomer and poet. The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám, st. 12, trans. by Edward FitzGerald, first edition (1859).
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