Thomas Gray (1716-1771 / London / England)
Biography of Thomas Gray
Gray's father was a scrivener while his mother and aunt kept a milliner's shop. He led a quiet, studious life in the main, training in law after his degree at Cambridge and then becoming a history done at Peterhouse.
Gray formed a friendship with Walpole which was broken off as a result of a disagreement during a "Grand Tour of Europe" (1734-39), though they were eventually reconciled in 1745. This friendship was important to Gray's literary career and Walpole later published The Progress of Poetry and The Bard, an impassioned summary of English history, on his Strawberry Hill Press. Gray sent his Ode on the Spring to an Etonian friend, Richard West, who died shortly afterwards, prompting the Sonnet on the Death of West. Gray was immensely popular and helped to create a new taste in poetry; fertile ground for the romantic poets to follow him. In 1757 at the death of the Poet
Laureate Cibber, the post was offered to Gray, but he refused it.
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- Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
- Hymn to Adversity
- Ode On A Distant Prospect Of Eton Colleg...
- Ode On The Death Of A Favourite Cat Drow...
- Ode On The Pleasure Arising From Vicissi...
- Ode On The Spring
- On The Death Of A Favourite Cat, Drowned...
- On the Death of Richard West
- Sonnet on the Death of Mr Richard West
- The Bard
- The Curse Upon Edward
- The Fatal Sisters
- The Progress of Poesy
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Hymn to Adversity
Daughter of Jove, relentless Power,
Thou tamer of the human breast,
Whose iron scourge and tort'ring hour
The Bad affright, afflict the Best!
Bound in thy adamantine chain
The Proud are taught to taste of pain,
And purple Tyrants vainly groan
With pangs unfelt before, unpitied and alone.