Time Poems - Poems For Time
Poems about time. You can read the best time poems. Browse through all time poems.
Author`s Note (Revised) - Poem by Steve Trimmer
For several years, my dream has been to write and be published. I wished to share my love of poetry, mythology and historical scholarship with the world. It seems that my wishes have come to fruition. For this I am thankful.
My inspirations are simple; My love for the women in my life. My love for the women in the world, and of course, my love for the Three-Fold Goddess, The Muse of antiquity. This is often reflected in my poems. For I aspire to the lyrist erudition, once held by The Bards and other esoteric fraternities of the like.
The Great Goddess, in all Her manifestations, once ruled the endogamous gynarchies found ubiquitously. These societies were egalitarian by nature, devoid of caste, racial divide, monetary inequality or controlled resources. An almost utopian state, if one could imagine. Women were the preferred gender, as they were adept in divination, wisdom of life, horticulture, weaving and, most notably, childbirth.
Family lineage was traced through mothers (matrilineal) . Men were loved and respected. Men were lief adherents to the guidance of women and the Lunar Priestesshoods. These peoples lived close to the natural world and saw women everywhere, as deities of landscape features, celestial bodies, waterways, sidereal movements, keepers of herbal plants, astrology, etc. These concepts were recorded in the sacred sciences and allegories of white poetry and magick, usually retained by memory and passed on through oral tradition. They lived peacefully as sexual and intellectually adept libertines, enjoying the unrestrained fecundity of orgiastic rites and unlimited relationships.
They believed love was a theology onto itself, envy was not an issue. For love and natural resources were endless, respected. So competition was not a necessity. For this reason, they venerated The Muse, only took what they needed from Mother Earth, and always gave back to Her.
The Goddess of Her antediluvian and post deluge Queendoms, was later attacked by the onset of city-states; patriarchal societies who wished to subdue Her veracity, benevolence, emancipation and womankind.
Under the aegis of The Goddess, known by many names the world over, people of epochs in prehistory lived in peace for millenia.That is until male deities of war and caste began to fetter and control people and resources. These concepts were hitherto unknown. A more recent paradigm of this political shift, can be seen over the last five centuries in North America, with the cultural assimilation of The First Nations People.
Their theologies, dictions and cultural liberties are at the propinquity of eternal demise. An earlier example of this trend was played out as the Romans subjugated the Celtic tribes of Europe during the Iron Age. This trend can be traced back into even earlier epochs, i.e.; Bronze Age Sumer and Egypt, with the onset of the feudal system, or The Aryan Triad of Gods introduced in India and Greece.
Many contemporary historical scholars would be quick in polemically debunking these notions. This is of little concern to me. For they embrace orthodox views of 'His Story' (history) . Whereas I endorse heterodox views of forgotten chapters; of redacted doctrines and oral traditions found in 'Her Story'.
Monotheistic theology has attempted to silence the voice of women and The Muse for many centuries. Prosemen, mythographers and theologians alike, have tried all sorts to decry the existence of the Triple-Goddess. To no avail.
Through the misogyny and propaganda of Olympian Myth written by the scribes of Hellenic Invaders in Greece; to Rome’s charges of 'adultery' met with in The Colosseum; from The Council of Nicaea’s redaction of The Gnostic Gospels; to the disbanding of The Knights Templar, recondite guilds have kept the 'pagan faith' of The Goddess alive heretofore and hereafter.
Even through the Witch Hunts of 'miscreants' and 'heretics' charged by The Papal Inquisitions in Europe, which found it’s way to The Americas, The Goddess and Her people kept witchcraft, paganism and polytheism alive. They were forced to practice their beliefs in ancient science underground for fear of reprisal from the government and The Church. It seems that diabolism was not to be found in the cauldron, but instead, on the pulpit.
Though, with modern liberties, I will not be burned at the stake or imprisoned for my pagan poetry, I do expect ridicule and dogmatic controversy. I baulk these acolytes of secular faith and 'reason'. I seek out the truth which is She, my Muse and the White Poetry which She bestows upon me. The truth of 'poetic unreason'.
The writing of poetry is not to assuage the ego, but rather a transfer of positive energy by means of what Pagans call Inner Plane Work. In this process the poet or hierophant will focus on deliberation with spirit energy and forces with the goal of reinstating balance to the world both in historical and philanthropical endeavours. Working on this plane mote allow one to access the inner knowledge found innately in all living things. A kind of ancestral repository of erudition. The poet is simply an incarnate medium and consort to The Goddess in Her many aspects.
The poet usually identifies himself with the consort (god) of the waxing year and his priesthood, who were subject to The Goddess in all three of Her aspects; birth, love and death. The poets tanist, or other self, is identified with the consort (god) of the waning year. The two aspects of The Consort are constantly at odds. They represent the two salient stations of The Solar Year, The Summer Solstice (Litha) and The Winter Solstice (Yule) . The waxing year runs Yule to Litha and the waning year runs Litha to Yule.
The Consort and Tanist are also both aspects of The Sacred Oak and Holly Kings respectively. A study in The Druidic Tree Alphabet of Ogham, or Wiccan traditions would reveal these concepts.
The poetess identifies herself with The Goddess Herself and with Her priestesshood in any of the three aspects but usually manifests first as The Maiden, then as Mother/Nymph, then finally as Crone. These aspects of The Triumvirate of The Goddess represent Her in the three phases of the waxing, full and waning moons respectively. These aspects also represent Her three major stations of The Lunar Year sometimes divided into five seasons depending on the lore/mythology of the area in question and subject to the epoch it was written in. In later mythologies, Then Triple-Goddess was portrayed as The Nine-Fold Muse. She is also known as The White Goddess. My poem 'Leucothea' pays homage to Her as The White One.
The Goddess originally ruled both the lunar and solar calendars. She transmogrified into various calendar beasts to represent Her aspects of the year. Namely the Lunar Year, which was once the calendar of choice for all events both jejune and theological. She took to form as such creatures as The Chimaera in Greek tradition or The Unicorn in Celtic Tradition (to name but two) . Once the misogynist male gods began to infiltrate the ranks of divination to control resources, the Solar Calendar began to hold sway, until the Goddess’s roles were minimized. New calendar beasts were created to usurp the old ones. These new beasts and deities represented The Solar Year and were eventually given all male attributes, until finally the One God of neo-western society became the paradigm which embodied all things celestial and banal. A god of war and fief systems who favoured the select few, creating caste systems, subduing all women and lower class men. This new god of war came on a peace platform and offered protection from the ' diabolic ' evil one in the underworld.
This One God of monotheism propagated trepidations throughout his realm. He induced such fear that people would turn on one another to save themselves. The One God controlled the city states and its ecclesiastic orders within, thus creating a state of absolute dependency. The One God turned on his mother and lovers. He sought to control. The once loved Goddess and Consort were demonized into one iniquitous being in this new mythos. Those who practiced the old faiths were forced to do so behind closed doors at night or in the wilderness. They were constantly being harried and hunted. The One God, his creators and acolytes created new myths of misogyny to portray The Goddess as either inept or wicked.
These mythopoeics turned the Goddess of Death/Crone aspects into an evil practitioner of black magic, in Her Love/Mother/Nymph aspect into a harlot and Her Maiden aspect into a dotard born from ' The Father’s Head ', implying that wisdom could only be found through men and male gods, as seen with Athene and Zeus. Ergo, The Goddess was usurped and subdued by force. Men took the family lineage and 'civilization' was born, The Old Code was now something of a criminal act.
These new mythologies of gynopathy acted as a kind of political cartoon for the politics of the time. A tool of propaganda which turned witches, sorceresses and bards of The Old Code into something of an evil. Lies were disseminated, and a divide created. My poems attempt to reclaim the original myths and legends. I would suggest the reading of Robert Graves work to fully elucidate on this vast subject. Although I never met him, he is nonetheless my mentor. His works of historical scholarship and poetry are touchstones in understanding these political shifts from theology based in matrilocality, to those based in patrilocality.
There were, of course, other motives of mythology which can be defined as 'true myth'. Myth written in honour of their original intent. These mythologies put a face on the many aspects of the Lady Universe and the metaphysical role that humans play within it. Through myth, we can trace a phenomenon known as Precession of The Equinoxes, whereby the sun rises through a different constellation at vernal equinox for just over two thousand years until moving through the next one. To round the zodiacal cycle takes almost twenty six thousand years. This effect is created by a slow wobble at the earths axis which causes the stellar backdropp to change slowly threw time.
Many myths reveal The Mysteries of this movement. Examples of this can be found in such texts as The Kalevala, based in Finno-Ugric tradition; or the play Hamlet by Shakespeare. In the book 'Hamlet’s Mill', by Giorgio De Santillana and Hertha von Dechend, this is explained in detail. Essentially, the hero of the myth represents The Mill, that is, the earth as it moves on its axis. Also, myths reveal a myriad of other Ancient Mysteries, such as; Orgiastic Rites, The Sothic Year in Egyptian Tradition, The Zodiac, Astronomy, The Luminaries and Planets, Earthly Cycles, Ancient Technology, Theological Thought Worlds, among many other subjects too extensive to explain here in a short book of poetry.
Myths also represent the use of Magick. Magick can be defined as; An elevated understanding of nature and as a veracious vision of Lady Universe as She whirls and roars around us. It is a fundamental belief in an ordered cosmos of which we are part of. The One is The All, The All is The One. It is Ancient Science or Sacred Science. It is The Law of Attraction at work. This one law is as pure and constant as the Law of Gravity. New findings in quantum physics seem to confirm this very archaic belief. It is known in all ancient traditions by many names. It was originally an attribute of The Goddess Herself.
This law is also known as The Law of Love. In my poem 'Benighted Reveries' I refer to it as the Benighted Law of Amity in honour of The Moon Goddess. Call it what you will, it was used in all theological and theocratic guilds in the ancient world. The difference being, that during the periods of gynarchy The Goddess and Her priestesses did not keep this Law from the population. Her societies were egalitarian and promoted peace, harmony and love. In later civilization controlled by war gods and/or monotheism, the priesthoods and leaders kept this Law obscured. In this way, it could only be accessed by the select few. This kept the population in intellectual and literary darkness. Only the elite few could even read, let alone know The Mysteries. The only others that knew these esoteric truths were the witches and shamans who hid in exile. They posed a threat to the mendacities of civilization.
For this reason they were feared by the authorities and hunted if they could not be converted. For example; The Aloeids Revolt of The Classical Period in Greece during the fourth century B.C; The Qumran Community, made up of Essenes, lived in exile on The Dead Sea to escape Pharisee dogma in first century A.D; or The Inquisition during Europe’s Renaissance, lend credence to this reality. Even many Druids were killed after their lands were sacked by The Romans throughout The Iron Age and on into the first century A.D.
The Druids maintained The Mysteries of The Ogham Alphabet and the arboreal wisdom in connexion with The Old Code of Magick. It has even been suggested that the emperor Hadrian built his 'Hadrian’s Wall' as a barrier to thwart a major Ley Line used in Druidic Magick for centuries. The excuse for the wall was shrinking coffers in Rome and a boundary needed to be established to keep out the northern Celtic tribes. The truth was that the Emperor was horrified by The Druids Magick, he knew that they knew The Mysteries. This created a threat to The Roman Empire. Rome could only maintain power by force, and by keeping it’s citizens in the dark. Hence the creation of The Colosseum. The Colosseum created a disport; Create a distraction, control the mob, control the mob, control Rome. Amphitheatres were built throughout The Roman Empire for this same purpose. Even in modern times we find parallels with these tactics.
In some circles ‘Civilization’ has been defined as the process of assimilating cultures by means of perpetual warfare. A well delineated definition. In our own time we continue with this tradition. We emulate the Greco-Roman governments and caste systems. We are taught that we must compete for all things, including resources.
I find myself at odds with my own compunctions, working much of my life in the mining industry. An industry which marauds the Earth for monetary gain. Growing up and living most my life in Northern Ontario, I have been fortunate enough to live next to the wilderness. I have observed the rhythms and cycles of our Mother, The Earth, since I was child. Many of my family members are farmers, hunters and fishers. I grew up helping on the farm, hunting and fishing. I learned the skills of living from the land along with learning the skills to survive in the new age of modernity.
Yet even in Northern Canada we see the demise of the wilderness. Bit by bit our forests are being cut to extinction. Our bedrock mined unscrupulously. Our eco-systems being polluted and destroyed by these juggernaut industries who compete for resources.
It seems that the deities of war are alive and well.
So, I choose to put my energy into positive change.
The Law of Amity dictates that; resistance equals persistence. We must stop trying to fight everything we loathe and concentrate on the antithetic alternative. The Old Code worked in this way. Knowledge equals power. We must stop giving our power to the elite few. Can one poem make a difference. Yes. Can one song make a difference. Yes. Can a positive thought make a difference. Yes. Even if the artistic expression only reaches one person, the balance changes. The Egyptian Goddess, Ma’at, testifies to this concept. Hearkening to the Old Code creates emancipation, which frees the soul, allowing it to transcend the worldly plane. When the mendacities of the worldly plane are transcended, we access the macrocosm. When we access the macrocosm we fulfill our portents in the microcosm, which is the earthly plane at its greatest potential. Change your thoughts, and change the world.
In atavism their is truth. In truth there is love. Love does conquer mendacity. It is an infallible law. First, each person needs to know and believe in their power. Then they must dare to follow their hearts. This lead to will, the volition of belief from the heart. Keep silent nigh the naysayer’s. Then believe. Lady Universe will read your heart and sent back your desire in three folds. This is the pyramid of the witches. That which is above must be below. Even in Christian Theology this is stated; That which is done on Earth must be done in Heaven. The only problem with giving your energy to The One God is that he will use your energy for his own agenda.
Take back your power. The truth of divinity is within any of us. The One God can only cast trepidations upon you if you let him. He is powerless without your energy. The Devil is merely a fear tactic created by the elite few and their god of war, their god of war is apotheosized by their greed, controlling nature and lust for power.
The elite few wield power within The Agnostic Realms as well. If the Earth Plane is the only plane, then proletariats have no say. Agnostics can not properly access The Law of Amity if they do not believe. One’s thoughts ultimately become one’s realities. If one’s reality is simply the microcosm of the secular plane, then those thoughts manifest into future events, thus creating more of the same reality. The microcosm is still under the influence of the macrocosm, but sends out haphazard and negative signals thereby weakening the effect. This difference creates compromise, so that the sender of thoughts does not believe in their power. Thus, they create more of their temporal reality and relinquish control to the keepers of mendacities (i.e.; the elite few)
Once a person comes to the realization that the Earth Plane is illusory, that time is not a reality and that divine access is inherent in all things, they can presage their future. Gather several minds who approbate this truth and magick, then change the world. Anarchy is freedom. Freedom is chaos. Chaos is order. The Order is The Divine Spark. The Divine Spark becomes reality. Ergo, reality is anarchy which is freedom...................The Law of Love. The Law of Love is Balance and Harmony. The One is The All. Blessed Be.
Herein lay the task and truth of the poet.
We all work within the one law. The Law of Amity. The Law of Love. Poetry is undoubtedly the medium by which to harness it.
Hence, it must be written while sojourning to the astral plane or the otherworld. In the other world, all energies can be accessed, with a face of the poets choosing. This was known to the ancients as the Underworld. Place where souls go between incarnations where they await rebirth. The Death Goddess leads them unto this realm. Later patriarchal and monotheistic scribes blasphemed it’s beauty and the beauty of The Death Goddess. These misogynist scribes turned the underworld into hell, and so, The Goddess and Her lover into devils, then into The Devil. The Christian mythos created The Devil to instil fear, so its flock would not stray (or think for themselves) . Pagans do not believe in this creature of pure evil.
In the case of Persephone, who was one manifestation of the Death Goddess, they assigned Her to their new Ruler of The Underworld; Hades. This marks a political and religious shift (i.e.: pre-Hellenic Gynarchy to Hellenic Patriarchy) . These scribes made the once omnipotent and lovely Goddesses Demeter and Persephone helpless to the caprices of the gynopathic Hades and Zeus.
Originally The Death Goddess led the dead to The Beautiful Underworld Realm of Elysium. Elysium was a beautiful Island with Apple Orchards, where it was always summertime. From Elysium the soul could tarry as long as they wished and decide their destiny for their next lifetime. The Death Goddess would transform to Her Maiden aspect and lead the old soul in its new incarnation back to the Earth Plane. So death meant rebirth not purgatory. This is just one example of how the comeliness of The Goddess Realms had been redacted in a negative manner to poison and control the mind of humanity. In Celtic traditions, Elysium was known as Avalon. I use underworld themes in many of my poems.
As a poet, The Goddess will take you to the underworld of The Elysian Fields in Elysium whenever on the astral plane. She proffers a Golden Apple or Pomegranate or Quince. This fruit of wisdom is Her gift to those who wish freedom and wisdom. One day She calls upon all to come and be reborn. The poet or hierophant may visit by their own volition. She guides them.
The poet has visited Elysium so many times that they become Consort to The Goddess. The poetess is the voice and incarnation of The Goddess Herself. They are reborn in and out of the secular and astral bournes countless times since time began, but time is an illusion. They are timeless. Their love fuels The Law of Amity and Love. Poetesses, poets and hierophants have been sent to The Earth Plane over and over. They are restoring the balance of the Earth. Their energy is transmogrified and reincarnated perpetually. They may reside on Apple Isle for some time, yet always return to aid in bringing the prophecy of Balance to fruition. One’s Moon Sign may determine their chosen destiny.
In early traditions of the Levant, The Realm of Angels were part and parcel to Apple Isle. Within this Realm are real people, old energies and new energies and those in between. On The Earth Plane this is apparent. Those with new energy have tremendous power but can not yet harness it. The deities of war often drain this pure light from them to fuel their agendas. If they feel devoid of power they give up this energy unknowingly. The poet tries to reach their hearts ere its sullying. These energies of purity incarnate are the greatest potential for regaining balance. Alas, oft times they take solace in the pews of liturgical orders. They are bound by trepidations and fear of reprisal.
Since poetry is written in the celestial thought world, it should not be subjugated by prose dogma.
A couple of publishing companies I tried insisted that I rewrite my poems and modernize the language content to connect better with modern readers. They insisted on the use of conventional format of mechanics and stanza within my poetic meter.
This would have compromised my message. For this reason I decided to self-publish. In this way, the message written is the message received, however raw or chaotic it may seem. I believe that poetry is about ambivalence, chaos in the universe and freedom of expression. The reader should feel as though they are living the poet’s feelings in that moment when the quill and ink hit the paper. Feel the inundation of deer, glee and melancholic unknowns of Bardic Tradition.
The reader should not receive some diluted and edited version of that moment. Herein lay the veracity and exposure to imperfection which is what makes poetry beautiful, or not so. This is the discernment betwixt poetry and prose.
I would rather publish a bad poem from my heart than an edited version that has been washed by rote indulgence. If rules are behest of poetry. They must be circumvented in order to be true rhapsodies, from heart to quill; quill to paper.
My disdain for conventional meter has inspired some of my poems. 'To Versify In Certitude'; and; 'The Dogma of Modernity'; for example.
To those naysayer’s and pedants who wish to attack my words with protocol on poetry mechanics and rules of stanza; I think you miss the point behind your scotoma of vision. Poetry transcends propriety terms and prosaic diction. If you find my work is non-conformable, then I am content. I have accomplished my task. I hope that the discontentment and negativity who feel toward life will one day lead to manumitted happiness, allowing you to see past discrepancy and maxim.
To those who find solace and truth in my versification, I am truly happy and honoured. Thank You.
When we opt to stand in the circle and access the personal cone of power, only then can our dreams and hearts be realized. This is the truth that presides in Ancient Rhymes; As Above, So Below. The Emerald Tablet shone then as now. Blessed be.
To some of my favourite authors; Robert Graves (late writer, poet and historical scholar) , Marilyn French (feminist and writer) , Laura Riding (late poetess) : Manda Scott (writer of The Boudica Series) , Doreen Valiente (late writer, poetess and advocate of witchcraft) : Silver Raven Wolf (writer and advocate of witchcraft) : John Matthews (writer, poet and teacher of the occult, ancient bardic lore, mythology and divination) : Doreen Virtue, PhD; (writer, psychologist and teacher in divination, empowerment and Angelic/ Elemental Realms) : Christopher Knight and Robert Lomas (researchers and writers on Freemasonry) : Thank You.
For your insight, inspiration and courage is prodigious.
To my beautiful wife Christianne Bolton, my loving mother Peggy Trimmer, my grandmother Margaret Gilpin (now passed on) , my sister Deanna Burns, my daughters Brianna and Lily, to my nieces Emma and Aryanna and my friend Nicole Graves, Thank You. I love all of you. Thank you for being my living Muses on earth.
To my son Patrick Bolton and nephew Clayton Burns, I love you, as does She.
To my grandfather George Gilpin, I love and respect you more than you will ever know. When I was growing up, you were the male role model in my life and in Brian’s life also. I hope you know this.
To my good friend Georgia Spyratos, thank you for our conversations and for giving me insight into Greek culture.
To my brother Brian and nephew Nathan, who died in 2006, may The Great Goddess greet thee in The Elysian Fields. Sleep well.
To Julie, my sister in law who lost her husband and son, I love you and hope that happiness will find you again.
These rhapsodies are also in dedication to all my sisters and brothers who follow the Wiccan/ Pagan Rede. May the truth of Pagan Gynaecocracy live on in us fore’er. May we live through many more scores of incarnations until the balance of Lady Earth is restored;
The picture on the front cover of this book is of my Grandma, Margaret Gilpin. The picture was taken in the 1940`s. It is a beautiful likeness of her. In honour of you Grandma.................we love you and miss you. Rest well.
An’ if these entreaties
Hurt no one
It come to pass
Till we meet again
To my Muse, I entreat thee
Guide me on this journey unseemed
A humble heart, bespake of me
I am sanguine, that this book................................ be worthy deemed
Soteriological Faith In The Occident
Although I am respectful of everyone’s religion, I do have issues with most of the western soteriological faiths. These are my own findings and opinions. I respect anyone with opposing views. I only ask that they respect mine in return. I have put a good deal of time and effort into reading and research, and so, I have not come to my extant beliefs light-heartedly.
Soteriological theology generally can be traced back to dubious beginnings, whereby, scribes have taken early true mythology and lore, rewrote it and created an exegesis of misogynist intent and misconstrued allegory. In Palestine this began in the tenth century B.C, during the reign of King Solomon. Solomon himself loved The Goddesses Asherah and Ashtoreth as much as his love Bilkis; The Sabean Queen of Sheba. He battled his conscience and the new order of patriarchal priests constantly. Solomon refused to take down his shrines to Asherah and Ashtoreth/Astarte. In The Book of Kings this is apparent.
The Old Testament was written well before the advent of ecclesiastic faith. It seems that the earliest stories of Genesis had their origins in the antiquated, and one of the earliest known civilizations, of Sumer. We know from biblical accounts that Abraham was from the city of Ur, in Sumerian lands betwixt the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers also know as Mesopotamia. Abraham was undoubtedly erudite in the high wisdom and sacred science of the priesthood. He represented a kind of culture hero often found in post-deluge civilizations.
Abraham brought many epics from Sumer, which found their way into The Old Testament. This explains the connexion with Sumerian and Semitic lore. Upon reaching the Sinai Peninsula and The Levant, Abraham likely would have encountered The Canaanites (a.k.a The Phoenicians) , who were one group of The Seafaring Peoples who survived The Great Deluge. The Canaanites, were Goddess worshippers, who were later exscinded from The Levant by misogynist Semitic Tribes mostly The Amorites and Kassites who also brought their war deities to Sumer.
Sumer is considered the cradle of civilization. When The Amorites first conquered Mesopotamia (2000-1600 B.C) they first had to subdue the priestesshood of Inanna. Inanna, later known as Ishtar, was local Mother Goddess. Under Sargon The Great, circa.24 century B.C, Inanna’s lands were partly subjugated under the new patriarchal deities, who were much like Yahweh of The Levant lands (who subdued Asherah) . Originally a consort who turned on Her (i.e.; the shift from matriarchy to patriarchy) . Sargon’s daughter was a priestess of Inanna. Her name was Enheduanna. She wrote poetry about Inanna/Ishtar and the gynarchy that hitherto held sway. Her father Sargon did not venerate this Old Code entirely. Sargon’s new world order marked the beginning of patriarchy in Sumer and the kingdom of Akkad.
This land was one of various places and traditions to record The Great Deluge. Mesopotamia also produced the renaissance-Sumerian cultures of Babylonia, Assyria, Medial-Persia and eventually the Islamic empires. With each generation the Goddess’s role diminished until it was naught, then She was demonized. My poem 'Kadija' is based on this theme.
The story of Noah and The Ark is based in early epics of The Great Deluge. The Sumerian epic hero of the flood myth was Uta-Napishtim or in earlier traditions, Gilgamesh and/or Ziasudra (Xiothuros) . These stories, although altered by patriarchal scribes, hearken back to the deluge experienced worldwide. Examples of this my be found in Greek Myth with the epic of Pyrra and Deucalion; or the flood emanating in Egypt with the tale of The Ogygian (Ogygius) Flood.
This Flood did happen. It was likely the result of either a cometary impact upon Earth creating seismic imbalance and nuclear winter causing an ice age, then the subsequent thaw of melting ice caps at the north and south poles. Another theory suggests that the cycles affecting the precession of the equinoxes and orbital cycles of Earth in relation to the Sun bring the Earth through cycles of ice ages and thaws of polar ice. Either way, the last Ice Age seemed to have abated cica.11,000 B.C and created prolific quantities of melt water, thus, inundating the Earth.
There is increasing evidence from mythological, archaeo-astronomical and historical studies that suggest the existence of an antediluvian civilization was extant before The Great Deluge. These people were from the seafaring nation of Atlantis as described in the Egyptian legend. These Atlantians were the Thraco-Libyan peoples also known as The Keftiu ('Sea Peoples') .
The Keftiu Confederacy was based nigh Lake Tritonis (Triton) in Libya and on Pharos Isle in The Nile Delta. They had a profound knowledge of the sea, sidereal and planetary ambulations, agrarian cycles, whether patterns o’er vast temporal intervals and all other eruditions associated with sacred science. This allowed them to presage the malevolence and magnitude of the imminent Great Deluge. They sailed to high points upon the Earth. They kept their knowledge in tact. They set out on their ships and resettled the lands as the flood waters began to recede. My poems; 'Isis And The Sages of Sais and ' Pyrrha’s Deluge' use this theme.
The Atlantians disseminated throughout the Mediterranean, Nile Valley, The Atlantic West Coast, The Black Sea coast; down The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; into The Levant and Mesopotamia and eventually out into many waterways across the globe. I believe that they aided in the creation of the Four Old-World River Valley Cultures and various other erudite cultures of The Americas, The Orient and elsewhere. Including; The cultures of ancient Egypt, Sumer, The Mediterranean, Maya, Inca, Celtic, Eurasia, Nubia, Indus Valley, Easter Island and countless other settlements.
The world is connected by water. It is a reasonable conjecture to assume contact between the continents in early antiquity. Even studies in etymology and genetics can attest this very real plausibility. As well, archaic texts from prehistory support this. The researchers Robert Graves, Graham Hancock, Robert Bauval and John Anthony West have written extensively on this connexion. There all have differing theories, yet early contact by The Atlantians is a prevalent theme.
One of the more popular stories on Atlantis was first told by Plato of The Classical Period in Greece. His grandfather Salon heard the story from his friends who were Libyan priests of Sais, a shrine city on Pharos Isle in The Nile Delta. This story was likely a grafted version of a tradition much older, from pre- Hellenic epochs.
All early civilizations and cultures seem to have record of a culture hero and/or heroine who came on a ship and taught life skills to the local people. One example is the legend of Viracocha at the city of Tiahuanaco in South America or; Quetzalcoatl / Kukulchan at the city of Teotihuacan and Chichen Itza in Mexico. The list goes on.
The Atlantians brought Goddess worship as well. These respects for venerating the giver of life were later renounced, sending patriarchal society into; ignorance for the many and power for the few.
The Holy Land was no exception. In early Mesopotamian lore, one of the Goddess aspects was Sin. Sin was a Goddess commensurable to Inanna, Ishtar and Isis. The word 'sin' was later coined as a negative term by Judeo-Christian scribes and theologians. This was due to a Semitic and Hellenic precedence, set first by The Amorites and reinforced later in The Classical Period during the fifth century B.C. Prior to this period The Goddess was revered ahead of all other deities. She was The Goddess of the year, life, birth, death and nature’s essence manifest in arboreal wisdom. The Hellenes and Aryans adopted a patriarchal theology. Thus, usurping The Goddess and giving Her a diminished and subservient role.
By the period of advent for Christianity, The Goddess was scissioned out and 'sin' became synonymous with evil. An embodiment of iniquity was fabricated called the Devil, a mix of The Goddess and Her lover at waning year; The Horned One (i.e.; Pan) . This created a fear tactic to dissuade adherence to ancient pagan faiths. The Devil still weakens the Christian mythos into modern times. The male deities were reduced to The One God, hitherto known as Zeus or Yahweh or Marduk etc. These godlings were once The Golden (Sun) Child; the sacred king; god at waxing year. Hence, the once pagan triad was reduced to one aspect, the other two aspects made diabolic. The ostensible trinity created; Father, Son and Holy Ghost usurped the original Goddess, God of waxing year, and tanist God of waning year. The One God bullied his way into a false titular claim and betrayed his mother and his true love in one fowl swoop. This marked the genesis of Monotheism and lost wisdom.
Sin was really an aspect of Eve. In the original epic of Genesis, She was allegorically bestowing The Golden Apple of Wisdom upon Adam, Her love. The Serpent was The Death Goddess of Apple Island or Paradise or The Underworld, place of peace, beauty and rebirth. In this way, The Serpent was the Death Goddess of Rebirth, then transmogrified to Her Maiden aspect as Eve. Eve would tutor and love Adam then guide him back to the Earth Realm. This story was redacted by scribes who wished to rewrite her story, painting her as a fool and wicked distraction to Adam, then punished by the malevolent One God of war and sorrow. Yet, The One God would blame Eve for his punitive nature, taking onus off himself. The misogynist Greek Myth of Pandora was rewritten in much the same way. My poems; Pandora and A Sonnet to Eve relate this concept.
Sin was also a letter in the ancient Canaanite/ Phoenician Alphabet, most plausibly representing The Apple Tree of Her Wisdom. This letter created an 's' sound like that of a snake. Like the Celtic Tree Alphabet of Ogham, trees of the Goddess would represent letters, apothecaries amongst varied other themes in sacred science. The One God did all he could to erase this wisdom from philanthropy, hoard it for himself, then use it for his own itinerary and mendacious order.
The work of Robert Graves goes into these ideas in great detail.
Even The Flood of Genesis, which was simply a record of a natural event, was written in by scribes as a punishment on mankind for independent thought, to create fear and control. The eschatology of Revelation, which was a presage of an ending age leading to another in astronomical wisdom, was written in by scribes as a punishment for disobeying The One God, to create fear and control. In other words; follow The One God’s orders or meet eternal perdition. We can see these parallels in the Hellenic misogynist exegetics of The Underworld of Hades vs. The Underworld of Hecate; fear and pain vs. volition and love.
Soteriological faith is based around the life of Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ is a Greek name from Hellenist translation. His name in Hebrew was actually Jeshua (Yahoshua) ben Yoseph or, Jesus son of Joseph. Jeshua’s birth from Mary (Miryam/Miriam) is another mythical allegory. Mary was actually part of a priestesshood to the Goddess (Asherah/Ashtoreth) , with similarity to the Vestal Virgins in Rome. The priestesses would meet with the priests on quarter and cross-quarter festivals to conduct orgiastic rites. In this way the sacred child could be born on a solstice or equinox depending on their lineage and prophetic destiny. This rite was later abolished by the new order in Jerusalem, forcing the royal families from matriarchal epochs into exile. They did keep this lineage and rite alive, but in the wilderness, in safety from reprisal.
To hide this pagan lineage of Jesus, subsequent patriarchal orders used a censorship concept known as a 'parthenogenetic birth' for the Sun Child of the One God (three centuries after Jesus’ death) . Parthenogenesis was a tactic first used by Hellene scribes for reducing Athene to a birth from Zeus’s head, giving The Parthenon it’s name, meaning 'virgin birth', as if to say that sexual union was not required. The story of Zeus swallowing Metis also points to this bombast misogyny amongst war deities. Most Roman cults of the day approbated this decree; Mithraism, Sol Invictus, etc.
The idea of parthenogenesis was created, again, by gynopathic scribes in Hellenic Greek Myth. The best example, Athene, who was once an omnipotent Triple-Goddess. She was reduced to Her Maiden aspect only and put under Zeus’s thumb. In the recreation of Athene’s story, She is born from the head of Zeus. This was to symbolize the new order; wisdom can only be born from The Father, displaying how the prerogatives of The Wise Goddess had been peculated by war-mongering misogynists.
Jesus was part of a Jewish sect in Palestine during the first century B.C. They lived on the shores of the Dead Sea to escape the corruption in Jerusalem. They were The Qumran Community known as The Essenes.
During this period three distinct sects of Jews had formed;
1. The Sadducees; The ruling class of the caste. They controlled most of the political rules of the region. They of course answered to Rome. Judaea was a Roman annexation by this time. They had little interest in The Temple on The Mount or religious activity.
2. The Pharisees; The worshippers of Yahweh. As close to Orthodox Jews as could be found in modernity. They were devout practitioners of Rabbinical Law and controlled The Temple. The Temple had been rebuilt after their return from captivity in Babylon by King Zerubbabel in 539 B.C. It was also the site of Solomon’s Temple built in the tenth century B.C, then razed in 586 B.C by Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar.
My poem; 'Tara, Keeper of The Lia Fail', touches on this.
3. The Essenes; These were Jesus’ people. The bloodline from antiquity. Living in exile, away from the condemning eyes of The Pharisees and The Sadducees. They abhorred the corruption in Jerusalem and abominated the Roman occupation of The Holy Land. They were adept in their sacred sciences of ancient gynarchy. They were descendants of the male half of the orgiastic order. They did not countenance any Hellenic or Diaspora ideals. They were later known as The Nasoreans/Nazarenes. The title Jesus of Nazareth comes from this Order. The town of Nazareth did not exist in the time of Jesus, we know this because The Romans kept pedantic records. The Essenes/Nasoreans founded The First Church of Jerusalem based in Gnostic Tradition of Goddess worship. Miryam of Migdal (Mary Magdalene) was its first Papess. Later scribes would paint Her as a harlot. Her title was usurped by Peter and Paul to created a purported, false papal line. The Nazarenes were trying to establish the Old Code. When Rome decreed Christianity it’s religion, they renounced The Gnostic line of Miryam and created a male lineage.
Jesus was a Pagan. Jesus loved The Goddess and his Papess.
I believe that Jesus would be horrified if he saw how his Papess was treated. He would not want to be affiliated with the false line of papal authority. If Jesus were alive today, he would not be a Christian. He would be, as he was, a poet and prophet to The White Goddess.
Initially, Jesus was not a member of The Essenes. His brother, Yacob ben Yoseph (James son of Joseph) was. James as much more robust and healthy. A more likely candidate for select gene pools within regal orgiastic rites. James, along with the man we know as John The Baptist (Yohanan) were The Right and Left Pillar of the Qumran Community.
The Canaanite theological ideals of 'right and left pillars' in early Judaism were as follows;
The Pillars were allegories which manifested themselves within The Temple. One was known as The Mishpat Pillar. The other was The Tsedeq Pillar. One pillar stood for the kingly and temporal aspect of the Earth, and the other represented the priestly and ethereal aspect of the Earth. These two pillars were in turn connected with The Shalom. The Shalom was The Temple ceiling and represented heaven itself Shalom was also an aspect of The Goddess, who linked the dichotomy of the two male divine aspects, the Sacred King and his tanist. This is yet another paradigm of The Consort (god) of waxing year, and god of waning year as mentioned earlier. The pillars would also track the Sun’s movements between the solstices and equinoxes.
James was the priestly aspect of Tesdeq. He co-opted this role along with John The Baptist. The two were given the title Boanerges (The Thunder Twins) . Yet at this time, The Essenes were devoid of a kingly aspect representative.
The Essenes had fled Jerusalem. To them, the temple had been defiled. King Herod, who was a puppet-king of The Romans, held the throne. Caiaphas held the position of High Priest and was a Pharisee. Pontius Pilate was Roman governor of Judea who answered directly to The Roman Emperor.
The Essenes were desirous of a true kingly pillar. A descendant from the ancient bloodline.
This was where Jesus comes in. Jesus was not the man depicted in Christendom by later painters or theologians of The Medieval and Renaissance periods in Europe. Records describe him as a short, slightly-built man with some ailments. Hardly a candidate for Essene selection. Yet, Jesus had proven himself as an astute leader on defensive campaigns and as an eloquent, charismatic speaker. Jesus was also from the descended bloodline which did not approve of the patriarchy which was manifesting even amongst The Essenes themselves. He was an egalitarian who believed that scholarship, creativity and honour transcended physical appearance and strength. He believed in The Ancient Code and in Matriarchy. He was the rightful heir.
His connection with his brother James and John The Baptist persuaded the initiators of his right to the kingly pillar. He was now The Messiah, the king to The Essenes. It seems plausible that King Herod wanted Jesus dead as an infant. Herod, being a Judean by birth and line, would have known his rightful claim to the throne. Herod knew the ancient prophecy. But that is another story.
Jesus, being the egalitarian and libertine that he was, ignored Essene protocol. He initiated the sick, lame and poor into his new cult. He was erudite in all the sacred sciences, including apothecary and herbalist medicine. This earned him the reputation as being a healer. He also taught the proletariat class of his following how to utilize The Law of Attraction.
Now, for the first time in centuries, a plebeian could divine her or his own destiny. Jesus did not preach subservience to any ecclesiastical or secular order. He preached transcendence of dogma and fetters by independent thought; The earthly powers could chain your body, yet they could not chain your mind unless you let them. The reproach of The Pharisees intimidated many commoners who feared the priesthood and Yahweh. Jesus taught his new order to walk in the light of truth and ignore the maxims of The Temple by adhering to The Old Code. The Code which allowed love, divinity, knowledge, happiness and all other good things to be had by all. The Code of The Triple Goddess. The only barriers, were barriers in the mind. To circumvent these barriers, one only had to believe with their hearts. One only had to believe in herself or himself.
Jesus was highly educated. He even studied in Alexandria. He was well versed in several languages, including Hellenic, Latin and Semitic tongues. He knew his Atlantian heritage. He knew the wisdom of gynarchy that was lost to countless generation of oppressed peoples. For this reason he spoke out against the authorities. Both banal and religious. He awoke the hearts and minds of many proselytes and showed them a truth that had been hidden from them. This was his greatest miracle. Truth.
Due to Jesus’ open door policies many enemies did he create. He became a heretic even amongst many of The Essenes. Yet because of his connexion to The Boanerges Twins, he was tolerated. The preachings of John The Baptist were similar to that of Jesus. For this reason, many of the authorities were not so tolerant. Herod was growing ever more vexed by these seditious preachings, as was the Temple priesthood. Herod killed John The Baptist to quell this movement, to no avail. Jesus requited with even harder push. He spoke out against the corruption of The Temple by The Pharisees in Jerusalem.
Hitherto, Jesus did not pose much of a threat to authorities. He preached in outer territories like on shores of The Sea of Galilee (Gennesaret) or in other less influential areas along The Jordan River. But now, he was crossing the line by attacking the religious epicentre of Jerusalem. The High Priest, Caiaphas, soon wanted him dead. He was shaking the foundations of control within Judaism and Pharisee influence. Even Gentile and Roman authorities noted his insurrectionary behaviour.
Caiaphas put pressure on the Roman governor Pontius Pilate to kill Jesus. Due to the upheaval, James was held as a criminal as well. I believe that James was the criminal Barabbas, described in The New Testament, and released just after Jesus’ trial. By this time Jesus only had the support from a few of his followers and was forsaken by most of The Essenes.
It seems obvious that Pontius Pilate was trying to avoid a rioting throng. He would have had only a small garrison of legionaries in Jerusalem. It was Passover, so the city was replete with a concourse of pilgrims and denizens alike. Pilate knew that he could not contain a riot of any substantial proportion. So, at the crowd’s command and at the wish of the Pharisees, Pontius Pilate decreed that the prophet be executed on the Tau.
The Tau, in essence, was the cross depicted by Christendom, with one varied attribute. It is a capital 'T' shape rather than a lower case 't' shape. It was named for the Greek letter Tau. When scribes translated the New Testament in later epochs from Greek to various other dictions and languages, the cross shape was confused. Adding to the confusion was the early Roman Christian symbol of the Chi-Rho, a combination of two Greek letters symbolizing the first two letters in Christ’s name when written in Greek. The Chi-Rho would appear as a capital 'P' threw a capital 'X' in the common Latin Alphabet. In Greek it creates a K-R sound.
Contrariwise, to widely held beliefs throughout Christendom, Yeshua (Jesus) was not a deity. Therefore he would have died quickly. Any crash course in crucifixion would reveal the speed of one’s death when crucified in the manner used in this case. The Romans had learned this punitive technique from The Carthaginians in centuries before whilst General Scipio was on campaign in The 2nd Punic War against Hannibal’s army.
Combined with a frail and ailing body, which Jesus possessed, this seems a rather lucid conjecture. The Romans were adept executioners and could hasten or slow the death of the recipient at will. Pontius Pilate would have wanted the situation resolved forthwith. Jesus was of little concern to him. He wanted only to abate the mob’s discontentment by doing the biding of Caiaphas.
The idea of Christ’s death being drawn out came several decades after his death. He had become somewhat apotheosized by a Pharisee named Saul. Saul who became Paul en route to Damascus was, ostensibly, shown a vision and converted to the followings of Jesus. I personally believe that he was creating a counter-theology against The First Church of Jerusalem. Paul, like all Pharisees of the period, was a patriarch. The Gnostics (Nasoreans, founders of The First Church of Jerusalem) were Goddess worshippers. If Paul could create some fabricated connexion with lineage of Christ, then he could dissuade many potential proselytes to join The Gnostic/Coptic faiths. The Sadducees would have been co-conspirators within this political and religious endeavour. Mary Magdalene was The Black Virgin and First Papess within The Gnostic Faith, a threat to patriarchy and the potential manumitter of enslaved minds.
Papal authorities still recognize Paul’s influence and Apostle Peter in their claim, but that is another story.
The Essenes were also the authors of The Dead Sea Scrolls which were hidden in caves and not found until the twentieth century A.D, by Bedouin shepherds. The scrolls were hidden during The Roman attacks on The Holy Land (circa.78-79 A.D) , which destroyed The Temple. Most Jews were exiled elsewhere, and many of the sects even remotely related to any Nazarene, Essene Ebionite theologies were dispatched. The strongholds of Qumran and Masada were no exception. The surviving Ebionites fled to Eire, which is now Ireland, and became The Ebionim and played a part in founding Celtic Christianity.
The teachings of Jesus were later confounded by Hellenist, Gentile and Roman Christians due to a lack of understanding in Essene theism and a deliberate thwarting of free thought and egalitarianism associated with philogynist Goddess faiths.
For example, when Jesus 'turned water into wine', it symbolized the religious sacred science being brought back to the plebeian class. He was bringing the prosaic back 'into the light', the light of knowledge. This was done against the will of many gynopathic Essene elitists. Jesus was a hero to those who had been forced into intellectual darkness and to those who lacked proper knowledge of ancient medicine. He brought obscured knowledge back to the people so they did not have to depend on the mercy of the authorities, or lack thereof. He became 'the saviour' to the commoners, both mentally and physically, restoring the wisdom and spirituality that was their birthright. Wisdom that had been withheld by the fief vassals, feudal lords and priesthoods so as to create dependency, and to control of power and resources.
Christian theologians misconstrued the concepts of Midrash and Pesher, names used to describe allegory, analogy and parable. Stories used to describe past events to teach a lesson or create a memory trigger or teach sacred sciences, etc. Much like original true mythologies. A demonstrative nuance betwixt poetic ontological thought and prose exegetics of literal comprehension.
The hagiographies of Saint Paul’s Jesus Christ differ prodigiously with the historical figure of Yahoshua ben Yoseph.
The Journeys of Saint Paul began with The Pharisee Saul. Saul grew up in Anatolia (Asia Minor) in the town of Tarsus. Saul’s family were Gentile Diaspora proselytes who converted to a Hellenist form of Judaism. Although considered Jews, The Diaspora were not entirely enlightened in the concepts of more archaic Judaism. Saul would have been raised to take the allegory of Midrash and Pesher literally rather than symbolically.
The conversion of Saul takes place on The Road to Damascus. Damascus in this case should not be confused with the city in Syria. The Qumran Community also used the name Damascus when referring to Qumran. Therefore, Saul was en route to Qumran. Of course, in this epic, The Nasorean named Stephen was stoned to death by some Pharisee henchmen of the high priest. Saul witnesses the event and could very well have partaken in it (probably an omitted portion of the story, just holding coats seems doubtful) . He is rendered blind temporarily, and purportedly sees an epiphany of Christ, who persuades him to convert to the Nasorean cause. He then takes the pseudonym of Paul.
Stephen, who’s name means crown or wreath in Greek was plausibly an Ebionite or Essene. Stephen was probably a potential initiate for the kingly aspect of The Shalom. The Pharisees may well have had Stephen murdered to prevent this. Stephen is called a disciple in biblical accounts, ergo, he may well have been initiated into the ancient rites.
Some theories suggest that Paul was not a Pharisee at all, I find this rather unlikely.
When Paul sees the 'light of God', is when he meets with James, who relates the account of his brother’s death. Paul takes the story of Jesus and retells it in a manner with much more patriarchal tones. Paul claims to have renounced The Pharisee guild, but I believe this to be part of the conspiracy as well. His ostensible apostasy was yet another propaganda tool.
Subsequently, Paul journeys several times around the eastern Mediterranean, disseminating this new theology throughout the eastern portions of The Roman Empire. His journeys took him to cities such as; Lystra and Troas in Anatolia; to Philippi, Thessalonica, Athens and Corinth in Greece; and to Caesarea in Judea, to name but a few. This marked the onset of Christianity as a religion in the empire.
At first, Christianity was tolerated by Roman authorities. Roman officials and consulates harboured little concern for the religion or creeds of their citizens, as long as the subjects in annexed territories pledged subordination to Rome and paid taxes. Various theologies existed within the empire, all sorts from worshipping eastern war gods like Mithras; to sun worship of Sol Invictus; to Druidism in the western empire; to Judaism in The Levant. As long as beliefs did not cite insurrection, then fine. Most Romans knew little of, or cared little for this man they called Jesus. To them, Jesus was just another rebel in the territories who’s rebellion was crushed under the might of Rome. Christianity was just another religion in the mix, and Paul was just another zealot preaching on Roman streets.
I n 27 B.C, a few decades ere Jesus’ death, (Octavian) Augustus Caesar became Rome’s first Emperor. This marked the end of Roman democracy, and the start of a political system based in autocratic rule. A system whereby The Caesar (Emperor) is a god-king and rules absolutely. Under this new world order, the Emperors seemed to have become increasingly insane and corrupt with each succession. By the time of Emperor Nero (54-68 A.D) , the Christians were being persecuted for disport. Christianity appealed to the plebeian class. The poor, the ill and the lame turned to it. Roman women were especially drawn to it’s seemingly egalitarian doctrines.
Women in Rome were, in this period, treated heinously. Male war gods were salient, as was male corruption and domination. It was a time of blood-lust. The Patrician ruling class were punitive, petty and hedonistic. The plebeians starved whilst the Patricians prospered.
Nero saw Christians as a threat to his power because of it`s influence on the masses. In 64 A.D, Nero set fire to the city, so as to build his palace outward into old parts of the city. He blamed the Christians for the conflagration.
Emperor Vespasian (70-79 A.D) began construction of The Colosseum some years later. His son Titus would see it through to effectuation. He inaugurated The Colosseum, and had slain many Christians for the amusement of the throngs. He knew that the mobs wanted blood, and that it kept them hungry for war; Control the mob, control Rome. A simple equation in the Roman thought world of banal desire.
The following centuries would prove similar, under abhorrent human condition.
Then, in 325 A.D, The Emperor Constantine (ruled 324-337 A.D) held The Council of Nicaea. Constantine was an astute visionary. He built the city of Constantinople and made it the new capital city of The Roman Empire (and would later pave the way for The Byzantine Empire) . He saw that Christianity was becoming the religion of choice within the empire.
Constantine knew that the empire was waning. He used Christianity as the glue to hold it together. He decreed himself as The Second Messiah and adopted Christianity as the official religion of Rome. Constantinople was now the centre of Christendom. Constantine was the first Christian Emperor.
Constantine did, nonetheless, remain head of The Sol Invictus cult of the Patrician class. Keeping a foot in each theology allowed him to rule and tether both levels of the Roman caste.
At The Council of Nicaea, Constantine brought Christian Theologians from all corners of the empire. For days the Council deliberated, they were to choose the creeds, philosophies and doctrines that were 'true', or in other words, best suited to the patriarchal order of Roman government. All Coptic and Gnostic Texts and testaments were thereby deemed 'apocryphal', which has come to mean false, yet in Greek actually means hidden or obscured.
The beginnings of The Nicene Creed were born. All matriarchal aspects of The Nasorean teachings of Jesus and Mary Magdalene were now on the miscreant list. The text of Gnostic and Coptic origin decried. Patriarchy was one step closer to ubiquitous power. The line of Peter and Paul held sway.
I do not believe that Jesus would want to be associated with this creed. He abhorred The Romans, or any patriarchal ruler ship.
The following century would see the collapse of the Roman Empire. The Empire divided into two parts of East (Byzantium) and West. The West Empire fell under the control of invading hordes, including; Goths, Visigoths and Vandals. It was subsequently divided into small kingdoms ruled by feudal petty-kings. Europe plunged into The Dark Ages. Christendom thrived by keeping it’s proletariats in intellectual darkness. Yet, practitioners of The Old Code kept the ancient eruditions alive. Christendom was growing ever intolerant of these 'witches'.
On into The Medieval Period, papal authorities flexed their powers, forcing European governments and churches into following the behest of the Roman Catholic Church. Lies were diffused. Propaganda about the diabolic nature of witchcraft. By the Renaissance Period, witches were being hunted for their matriarchal and polytheist beliefs. Christendom bought into the lie. Instead of seeing witches as being poets, healers and erudite libertines, they saw them as a source of trepidation and iniquity.
Society had a collective and poisoned mind toward The Old Code. Even Dragons were being slain, the calendar beast of the sweet Goddess herself smote down by folly Knights who renounced Her in the name of power thirsty kings and popes. But that is another story.
In contemporary times, some still adhere to these mendacities of Christendom and patriarchy. I respect those who practice it. Yet, I think they should know it’s history before casting dispersions of negativity and reproach toward the old pagan faiths.
I have only just scratched the surface of some histories in this short write on Soteriological Faith. My poems attempt to reclaim the splendour of the myths and epics as they once were. To reclaim Her Story and elucidate the false claims of his story (history) .
The sands of time are many, yet in each grain there lies a truth waiting to be found, a journey waiting to be taken. A path walked many times, waiting to be trod upon once again. It all begins with one question, and ends in many more.
If we choose not to question dogma and staid reason, then we potentially orchestrate our own spiritual demise.
Archaic Autochthonous Theologies
We live in an epoch where propaganda runs rampant. A time where families are willing to send their children to war without question. Our young are instructed to serve their country even at the cost of their lives. Murder is justified as a means to an end. What is this end? Is it for a better world? Or is it yet another tactic for the elite few to maintain their power and control? I believe it to be the latter.
Our soldiers are used as pawns on a very real chessboard called the battlefield. They are young people who can not possibly understand the politics of the battles they partake in. I have been in the military myself (in my early twenties) . I have felt the push of Big Brother’s thumb and the piercing gaze of his vigilant eyes. I have been in the midst of the war deities as it were, been proselytized and forced to worship at their shrine. I have led the distressed and aberrant life of a soldier.
Soldiers are forced into abandoning their innate human instincts. The instincts which tell them to preserve life and independent thought. They are broken down then re-trained to think as part of the collective and malevolent war machine. It goes against all their sound feelings and judgment. The war machine takes children, who are devoid of life experience and political awareness, and turns them into killing machines.
Once the soldier has done their ’duty’ then they are released back into society with sullied mental health, often leading to post traumatic stress disorders. Oft times they are physically injured as well, and are given little recompense for their service. These soldiers are released and expected to forget their inhumane hardships and function in society as any other citizen. They carry physical and emotional scars for life.
More often than not, soldiers are of the proletariat class. The elite few have rarely sent their children off to protect the empire, regardless of the time period in question. Wars are usually over resources or power struggles (or both) and have little to do with honour and glory. The elite gain opulence from the blood of the plebeian young.
Many have made defeated and platitudinous remarks stating that; ‘There has always been and will always be war‘. This is simply another example of how propaganda and redacted ancient text have poisoned the mind of humanity over many centuries. If we believe this ideal then we give power, once again, to the few and remove any power from ourselves.
Early anarchic tribal societies did not live in perpetual warfare. The idea of competition was virtually unknown. These autochthonous peoples had no real concept of possession or ownership. They thought on an individual level, revered human life and had little cause for pugnacious behaviour.
The idea of marriage as we know it was a patriarchal conjuring, used to immure women thus creating competition, human ownership and envy. Women in new city-states were forced by exogamous marriage laws. By sending women to wed outside the tribe it took away their security and power. They were forced to live with the husband’s family under constant scrutiny. Patriarchy also created misogynist laws such as adultery which is strictly a female crime. These were just some tactics employed by city-states to control women and silence The Great Goddess.
City-states created competition which leads to war. They labeled the tribal societies as ‘savages’. Yet, civilized societies are driven by greed and warfare. It seems that the civilized societies are in fact the savages. Even the term anarchic (anarchy) has been confused as being lawless and confused. Anarchy actually refers to an egalitarian tribal society that does not live in the chaos of urban law. They live by laws of Mother Earth. They live with nature rather than trying to fetter and pillage it. They adapt to Her laws and live amicably with Her plants and creatures. Whereas city-states push out and/or destroy anything which does not conform to it’s ravenous agenda.
Urban-centered paternalism insists on controlling resources, which creates a monetary system, which creates dependency. This forces the proletarian class onto a treadmill. The lay class often end up running the treadmill 24 hours a day,7 days a week. They are forced into working unnatural hours such as nightshifts. This 24 hour world wreaks havoc on our health. We run the treadmill until we are injured or until old age betakes us (or both) , then we are disdainfully discarded and replaced by fresh stock. Human lives are treated as commodities. Nothing is sacred in this system.
In anarchic societies the antithetic scenario is true. The elderly, injured and weak were aided by the strong, rather than minimized. They did not live in a labour intensive world, because they only took what they needed. They thanked every life they took for survival in ceremony. All life was equal, whether it was a corn plant, a deer, or a human life.
Autochthonous theologies of anarchic societies insisted upon the reverence of all living things. All plants, animals, waterways, etc. had a spirit (usually an aspect of The Goddess) . One must ask the spirit of the animal/plant for it’s life-force to sustain their own. It was considered a prodigious gift to give up the life of one to support another. Each time a person asks for this gift, they must pay homage to the spirit.
Many autochthonous societies were hunters and gatherers. It seems that the modern hunter has gained a reputation as being an unprincipled murderer or reprobate in some circles. Hunters are often seen as cruel and lacking in environmental conscience. In some cases this is true. Yet, more often than not, hunters are some of the most environmentally concerned people on the planet. Hunters understand the life cycle, and should be equated with fishers and farmers. They harvest animals as a farmer would harvest a crop.
Wasteful and disrespectful harvesters often create a bad name for the rest.
We have been taught to believe in a food chain, whereby we rank at the apex. I believe this to be a fallacy. Autochthon cultures viewed it as more of a food cycle, where all creation takes and gives back life at some point in the cycle equally to create an equilibrate state of harmony.
Paternalistic society pays little homage to these natural laws. Industrial farming for example, will see an animal caged without any sense of emancipation for it’s entire life span. It could be argued that hunting is a much more humane means of harvesting meat. The animal in question lives in freedom and has much greater odds of surviving. The hunter must learn and follow nature’s code to be successful. The hunter must venerate her/his prey as an equal, rather than as it’s master.
Many of us now dwell in urban bowers. Many have lost touch with their roots, and are quick to condemn those of us who have not. They often believe that being vegetarian, for example, somehow removes them from the ‘guilt’ of partaking in the food cycle. I respect everyone’s beliefs, but I see hypocrisy in this thinking. Autochthonous theology sees all life as being equal. Therefore, a vegetable plant such as a carrot must lose it’s life to feed the human. The carrot has a life force which is just as colossal as the cow or the rabbit or the salmon. All creation is one, the one is the all. Some would argue that a fish or a carrot is not as attractive as the rabbit or maybe the deer, so they do not eat it. The carrot or any other plant is as much a child of the earth as any cute mammal. One must thank and pay homage to any life taken for personal survival. Urban life has allowed us to cut out the middle portion as it were, leaving many of us disengaged from the food cycle.
Due to high crime rates within urban centers, the disengaged urbanite may also see harvesting tools as being iniquitous. They will often see guns as being murder weapons rather than tools. Throughout history, harvesting tools have been abused and misused as tools of war; axes used on the battlefield rather than for firewood; sickles and machetes used for campaigns of genocide rather than for harvesting the crops. Guns are as much a harvesting tool as a fishing rod, net or garden hoe. When tools become weapons, life forces and life cycles are disrespected, hence, the balance is upset.
The juxtaposition betwixt harvest and murder could be characterized as follows; Harvest is necessary, rendered with respectful positive energy, is non-wasteful, and creates a balanced life force. Murder is unnecessary, rendered with disrespectful negative energy, is wasteful, and creates an unbalanced life force.
In many autochthonous theologies the life/food cycle was referred to as ‘The Way’. As mentioned elsewhere, a face and personality were assigned to all earthly and celestial incarnations. Civilization has removed humanity from the land and sky cycles, and has decreed some life forms as being of more relevance than others. Early humans saw all aspects of creation as being their sisters and brothers. They would thank the spirit of the life taken in ceremony before and after the harvest. Whilst harvesting, they knew full well that their own life would one day be called upon as requital for previous survival. They would one day nurture the soils of their beloved Mother Earth. They knew that one’s energy was never gone, and that all creation returned again and again in various incarnations breeching all barriers of space and time.
North American native theology adheres to the respect for life cycle and ‘The Way’. Many of their epics have survived to contemporary times.
One such example is of the epic Chippewa myth of Mondawmin, who was the corn spirit. A young man coming of age, named Wunzh was in a dreaming Vision Quest. After fasting for many days, he asked earnestly to the spirits for sustenance to feed his people. Mondawmin appeared to him many times, each time they wrestled until one day Mondawmin finally succumbed and died. At his barrow grew the first ears of corn. The Chippewa now had an additional food source. Each time they grew corn they made oblations to Mondawmin, Wunzh’s life long Spirit Guide. The allegory of Mondawmin’s sacrifice would aid The Chippewa for centuries.
Many North American native traditions venerate the Corn Goddesses and Gods. The majority of corn deities are female and associated with fertility. Some other examples include; the Cherokee goddess Selu; Yellow Woman and the Corn Mother Goddess Iyatiku of the Keresan people of the American Southwest; and Chicomecoatl, the Goddess of Maize who was revered by the Aztecs of Mexico. In Mayan theology, it was believed that humans had been molded from corn, and based much of their calendar on the planting of the cornfield.
In accordance with Iroquois legend, corn, beans, and squash are three inseverable sisters who can only grow and flourish together. This tradition of interplanting corn, beans and squash in the same mound, diffused amongst Native American agrarian societies. This proved a sophisticated, sustainable system that proffered long-term soil fertility and a healthy diet to generations. The aforementioned Three Sisters (corn, beans and squash) symbolize, yet again, the face of the Triple Goddess and the originally female prerogative of horticulture. The Three Sisters, with graceful gait and flowing garbs, walked the crop fields neath aegis and succour of the pallor moon, The Muse Herself.
Corn, bean and squash plants were amongst the first substantial crops domesticated by ancient Mesoamerican societies. Corn being the principle crop, yielding more calories or energy per acre than any other. According to Three Sisters legends, corn must grow in community with other crops rather than on its own, it needs the boon of company and aide of its kin.
The Iroquois believe corn, beans and squash are precious gifts from the Great Spirit, each neath the vigilance of one of Three Sisters Spirits, called the De-o-ha-ko, or “Our Sustainers'. The planting season is commemorated by ceremonies to honour them, and a festival commemorates the first harvest of “green” corn on the cob. By relating the legends and performing annual rites, Native Americans have handed down the agricultural erudition of crops, using and preserving the Three Sisters through generations. The Three Sisters are a quintessential example of how anthropomorphism was infused and utilized within autochthon thought worlds, theology and morality.
Various Native American tribes have long embraced the concept of a woman as the demiurge of the world. To them, the reasoning is elementary; it is woman from whence all life proliferates.
Amid the Pueblo Nations, The Goddess is so revered that her real name is never uttered aloud. They refer to Her as Spider Woman. The Pueblos believe that all creation had sprung from Her thoughts. The Hopi hold a resembling belief, as do several other Native American Tribes.
Although each tribe has a slightly differing version to the tradition of the Spider Woman story, one aspect remains steadfast; She is responsible for all genesis of earthly creations. Some tribes believe that Spider Woman began with the universe itself, much like Eurynome of Greek Myth, or Sige of Gnostic tradition (two aspects of Lady Universe) .
As the myth goes, Spider Woman began Her many creations by spinning and incantations of chanting or singing. In this way, She first composed the universe in four sections; west, north, south and east. Within the void of space did spring forth the birth of the sun, moon, and stars, which did so banish darkness from the world forthwith.
Then, She took the shells of turquoise, a red rock, a yellow stone, and a clear crystal. She next created the mountains, oceans, and desserts. Then the Earth Goddess Herself so became the womb from which all humankind sprang forth through time; gradually, as is always the case with childbirth. Whilst fabricating the diverse races of humanity, She used manifold colours of clay. Using her remaining thread, The Goddess tethered each of her human creations unto Her.
Spider Goddesses are salient throughout the ancient world. In Baltic myth, Saule is the life-giving Sun Goddess, whose omnipresence is symbolized by a wheel or a rosette (common symbols of The Goddess throughout ancient Europe) . She spins the beams emanating from the sun. The Baltic connexion betwixt the sun and spinning is oft times represented in archaic spindles of the sun-stone. The sun-stone is known to us as amber, a stone common to the Baltic region. These artifacts have been unearthed in burial mounds. In Celtic tradition the Sun Goddess was known as Sulis, who also embodied the waterways as well.
The Finnish epic of the Kalevala, has many references to Spinning/Weaving Goddesses.
In Germanic mythology the spinner is Holda. Her patronage also entails divination and command of the weather, fertility of women, and the protectress of children not yet born In Greek Myth, The Moerae, or The Fates are the Three Crones who control destiny. Through them, fate is unraveled by the art of spinning on the distaff; the thread of life.
Penelope, who was the faithful wife of Odysseus was also a weaver. She would weave Her design for a shroud diurnally, yet unraveling it again in the late watches of the night. In this way, She could keep her suitors from calling upon Her during the long years whilst Odysseus was away. Penelope has a sacred lineage that melds humanity and the divine, and She is perhaps Odysseus’s own recondite weaving Goddess-Nymph, much like the Two Weaving Enchantresses in the Odyssey, Circe and Calypso, who were originally facets of The Death Goddess or Elysium guides.
Helen of Troy is a Weaving Goddess and is at her loom in The Iliad.
Homer dwells prolifically on the seraphic weaving quality of the robes worn by The Goddesses, many poets and writers aspiring for heroic rhapsody after him emulated analogous styles of verse.
There is also the horrifically gynopathic myth of Philomela, who was raped and Her tongue cut out so She could not speak of Her violation. In this story, compunctions from the matriarchal era come to Her aid. Her loom so becomes Her voice, the story is woven into the design, so that her sister Procne may comprehend it. The women then may take their revenge on the rapist who broke The Old Code.
In Hindu Myth; Maya is the Virgin aspect of the Triple Hindu Goddess. She is symbolized by a Spider, spinner of magick, fate and earthly guises. The web of the spider was likened with the Wheel of Fate and the spider itself to the Spinner Goddess. She sits at the hub of Her Wheel. Mother of the Enlightened One, Buddha.
Misogynist Roman Myth regarded the processes of spinning and weaving with trepidation and awe. In many provinces of the Roman Empire, laws prohibited women from holding a spindle in public, for fear of The Feminine Divine and the witches who could utilize Her power by way of divinations through The Spider Goddess’s spindle.
In Sioux tradition, after death, the spirit of the deceased one would journey to The Happy Hunting Ground, unless of course they were scalped some time during their lifetime. This belief correlates with the Sioux concepts of a spirit residing innately in all facets of creation; including trees, rocks, rivers and almost every natural entity. Ergo, in this thought world, this leads to the existence of an afterlife or Otherworld. The Native American tribes were prodigiously spiritual. This was demonstrative within their spiritual dances (i.e.; The Sun Dance and The Ghost Dance, which call to the spirits of the dead for guidance, aid and/or a return to the corporal realm. A kind of collective Vision Quest by the tribal sages.)
The name Happy Hunting Grounds indicates the characteristics of the Native American Otherworld. The Happy Hunting Ground had some affinity with the living earthly realm, but with constant fair summer weather and game that was easily hunted, such as rabbit, deer and buffalo. It could be equated with the Summerland of Elysium in Greek tradition, or Tir na Nog (Avalon) of Celtic lore.
The White Buffalo Calf Woman of Lakota mythology, is a sacred woman of divine origins. She bestowed the Lakota Nation with their Seven Sacred Rituals.
Her epic is as follows;
Many moons ago famine begirt the land. The Lakota chief sent forth two scouts to hunt for food. Whilst traveling, the scouts saw a figure off in the distance. As they approached, they found a comely young woman in white garbs.
One of the scouts became desirous of the fair woman. He approached Her, telling his companion he would attempt to embrace the woman. If he found her pleasing, he would claim Her for a wife.
His companion rendered him a caveat; that She did appear to be a Sacred Women, and to do anything sacrilegious would be folly. The scout ignored his advice. The companion so watched as the scout approached and embraced the woman, during which time a white cloud did gird the pair. Soon after, the cloud vanished. Only the arcane woman remained.
The remaining scout stood there in fear, he began to draw his bow, but the woman beckoned him to Her. She assured him that harm would not come to him.
The woman was fluent in the Lakota tongue. For this reason, the young man decided She must be one of his tribe, and came forward. When he came thither, She pointed to the location upon the soil where the other scout’s bared bones now lay. She then explained how the Crazy Buffalo had cast a spell so the man would desire Her, and that She had annihilated him.
The scout, ever more fearful, again drew his bow upon Her. The woman explained that She was Wakan and his weapons could do naught to harm Her. She proceeded to explain that if he did as She instructed, harm would not befall him and that his tribe would soon become much more prosperous.
The scout pledged to follow that which She had instructed. She told him to return to his encampment, then call the Council and prepare a feast for Her arrival.
The woman’s name was Ptesan Wi which translated to White Buffalo Calf Woman.
She taught The Lakota various sacred rites and ceremonies. She gave The Lakota the
chununpa or sacred pipe which is the holiest of all talismans.
After teaching the people and giving them her gifts, PtesanWi left. She promised to one
Later, the story became attributed to the Goddess, Wohpe, also know as Whope, or Wope.
When Roman Catholic missionaries first came among the Lakota, their pantheon which included The Virgin Mary and Jesus became associated with the legend of White Buffalo Calf Woman. The syncretic practice of identifying Mary with PtesanWi and Jesus with the chununpa continues amongst Lakota Christians in to modern times
The buffalo was sacred to The Lakota people. The buffalo provided meat for sustenance, and pelts for clothing and shelter. White Buffalo Calf Woman was Prophetess/Goddess who reminded them of their duty; in honouring their buffalo sisters and brothers who sacrificed their lives for The Lakota Nation to survive.
Paternalistic Europeans were devoid of this morality. They slaughtered buffalo unto the propinquity of extinction. The Lakota and other First Nations watched in horror and lamented such wasteful acts of disrespect.
The Quintessence of a Lost Gynarchy; A True Paraclete of The Goddess
Hypatia (379 - 415 A.D.)
Hypatia is considered one of history’s greatest women. All accounts describe Her as stunningly attractive, adeptly brilliant, yet always modest and benevolent in nature. She lived in an misogynistic age, when women were considered a chattel. This prolifically versed Alexandrian Hellenic woman was a proficient mathematician, astronomer, inventor, theologizer, and natural philosopher. She was the last keeper of the flame of knowledge in the renowned Alexandrian University (The Museum) , once heralded as an epicentre of all the world’s eruditions. As the daughter of the last chief professor of The Museum, She was essentially raised in the Great Alexandrian Library, where much of the world’s knowledge was kept and/or recorded.
As well as being a child prodigy, She was a voracious reader. By the age of womanhood (i.e., twelve, in this period) , She had learned the accrued total of most erudite endeavours available to humankind. Books in this epoch (ere the advent of printing presses) , were hand-written by scribes and distributed as scrolls. Each scroll in circulation was deemed a priceless original.
The Great Alexandrian Library was burned in a conflagration by the Christian mobs, at the behest of Christian emperor Theodosius The Great in the year 391 A.D., each corpus of books were destroyed. Yet, Hypatia committed much of the material lost in the flames to memory, ergo, She spent the remainder of Her life reclaiming and recording the lost wisdom. Each occasion when a scholar became stumped by a problem, they were devoid of books to assist them. There was only Hypatia to call upon.
When Her career as a lecturing natural philosopher hit it’s apex, She was proclaimed as somewhat of an oracle. Denizens and state elite made pilgrimages from various corners the two empires to take counsel from Her on a variety of issues, both secular and metaphysical. Forsooth, Her renown was so prodigious, that letters arrived from all over the empires and were addressed simply to; The Philosopher. These communications would, without fail, find their way directly to Her bower.
Her undoubted purpose in life was to preserve and rekindle the archaic wisdom of the erudite Hellenistic Age and to disseminate their traditions of volitive and staid comprehensions. Yet, The paternalistic world that begird Her was falling into intellectual darkness and tethered by demagogic control. The Christian monotheist guilds were amalgamating their power with propaganda, thus swaying the mind of humanity away from intellectual pursuits and theologies of volition, to monotheistic faiths based in trepidation and ignorance. Hypatia posed the final obstacle to the Church’s mandate of world domination.
The Christian mob led by Saint Cyril unwittingly made Her one of history’s most colossal martyrs for the sciences. She was despatched by Cyril’s church mob in a most reprehensible manner, being dismembered and burned in pieces. Not surprisingly, the confounded scholars that adored Her, left Alexandria in melancholic disgust. Alexandria ceased to be an eruidite world center of learning. The Dark Ages befell the occidental world. Thence, the collective mind of humanity stagnated in perpetual ignorance for nigh on one thousand years.
Her life is replete with all the required heroic elements of a Thespian tragedy, this alone would insure Her place in the annals of history; The epic of a towering and tragic soul, standing all alone in defiance against the impending diabolic forces of darkness. Yet, there is more to this great tale, more than was once revealed. Modern research suggests that the Cyril’s Christians did not succeed in annihilating Her life’s endeavours, as was believed hitherto. Hypatia’s life surely was not in vain.
Some works rediscovered in renaissance; like Euclid’s the Elements, Ptolemy’s Almagest, and Diophantus’ Arithmetica have dawned the horizon of modernity by way of Hypatia’s own recenses. These books bear the same seminal attributes of the ancient Hellenic adepts, and were rediscovered at the end of the Medieval Period. That seed fostered a Renaissance Age of secular, yet somewhat manumitted thought patterns. A period in history which contemporary scholars refer to as The Renaissance, meaning, quite literally, The Re-Birth of the Classical Age of Hellenic Greek thought realms. Modern western society molds itself after Classic Age Hellenic and pre-autocratic Roman societies.
Hypatia preserved and dispersed the seed of Hellenic eruditions which had lay dormant or underground for a thousand years. Eventually this seed did sprout, leading to the fructification which produced the Age of Modernity. She is a perfect example of The Goddess’s veracity which can not be subdued, which transcends time and the mendacious orders which often lay within it. In the end, the Great Woman’s daughters of love, beauty and wisdom always triumph, armed not with fear tactics or weapons, but with the truth of the ages.
Comments about Author`s Note (Revised) by Steve Trimmer
Poems About Time
- 1. Author`s Note (Revised) , Steve Trimmer
- 2. Time , darlene williams
- 3. The Precious Present , Ali Rahimi
- 4. Living In This Time , Devon McElveen
- 5. Every Time , Devon Dietz
- 6. First Time , Lalitha Neelapu
- 7. Time , Philip Lore
- 8. End Of Time , rwetewrt erwtwer
- 9. Time , Ally Kleutgen
- 10. This Time , SandySue Burnworth
- 11. There's A Time , Sandra Finch
- 12. I Like The Daytime Better Then The Night.. , Susie Sunshine
- 13. Love Of My Life , timothy langley jr.
- 14. A Story That Lies Within , Aubre Fuller
- 15. Time , Randy Briggs
- 16. Times , Rashid Iskandar
- 17. Licia Sonnets 28 , Giles Fletcher The Elder
- 18. Once Upon A Time , Ashley Dias
- 19. Here Come Good Bye , Guadalupe Cruz
- 20. Hour Glass , Trucker Jeff
- 21. Time , Bron Dayvid
- 22. Educate Not , jenny piñero
- 23. Time To Let Go , Jheanett Portobanco
- 24. Time , Michael, Miracle Philadelphi ..
- 25. Russian Eggs , Charles Timothy
- 26. Rusty Halo - The Script , Ooo Blanco
- 27. For One Last Time , Sanyukta Dharmadhikari
- 28. Time , King Midas
- 29. Time , Marjorie DeBol DeFazio
New Time Poems
- The Myth Of Keeping Universal Time (Opin.., Varanasi Ramabrahmam
- It´s About Time, patricia dashwood
- The Great Time., Gangadharan nair Pulingat..
- Time, hugh everard
- Hard Times, Gbolagade Taiwo
- Carpe Diem, Sylvia Perry
- Translation Of Ideas And Concepts (Opini.., Varanasi Ramabrahmam
- Essays On Literature, alexander opicho
- Time, sunny Munera Managan
- Time, Harshit Agrawal
- carpe diem