Henry James Pye
Biography of Henry James Pye
Henry James Pye was an English poet. Pye was Poet Laureate from 1790 until his death. He was the first poet laureate to receive a fixed salary of £27 instead of the historic tierce of Canary wine (though it was still a fairly nominal payment; then as now the Poet Laureate had to look to extra sales generated by the prestige of the office to make significant money from the Laureateship).
Pye was born in London, the son of Henry Pye of Faringdon House in Berkshire, and his wife, Mary James, and was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford. His father died in 1766, leaving him a legacy of debt amounting to £50,000, and the burning of the family home further increased his difficulties.
In 1784 he was elected Member of Parliament for Berkshire. He was obliged to sell the paternal estate, and, retiring from Parliament in 1790, became a police magistrate for Westminster. Although he had no command of language and was destitute of poetic feeling, his ambition was to obtain recognition as a poet, and he published many volumes of verse.
Of all he wrote his prose Summary of the Duties of a Justice of the Peace out of Sessions (1808) is most worthy of record. He was made poet laureate in 1790, perhaps as a reward for his faithful support of William Pitt the Younger in the House of Commons. The appointment was looked on as ridiculous, and his birthday odes were a continual source of contempt. The 20th century British historian Lord Blake called Pye "the worst Poet Laureate in English history with the possible exception of Alfred Austin .As a prose writer, Pye was far from contemptible. He had a fancy for commentaries and summaries. His "Commentary on Shakespeare’s commentators", and that appended to his translation of the Poetics, contain some noteworthy matter. A man, who, born in 1745, could write “Sir Charles Grandison is a much more unnatural character than Caliban,” may have been a poetaster but was certainly not a fool.
Indeed, Pye's successor, Robert Southey, wrote in 1814: "I have been rhyming as doggedly and dully as if my name had been Henry James Pye." Unfortunately, Pye's legacy is remembered as one of the unfortunate few who have been classified as a "poetaster." He died at Pinner, Middlesex on 11 August 1813.
Pye married twice. He had two daughters by his first wife. He married secondly in 1801 Martha Corbett, by whom he had a son Henry John Pye, who in 1833 inherited the Clifton Hall, Staffordshire estate of a distant cousin and who was High Sheriff of Staffordshire in 1840.
Henry James Pye's Works:
-Summary of the Duties of a Justice of the Peace out of Sessions (1808)
- The Democrat (1795)
- The Aristocrat (1799)
-Poems on Various Subjects (1787), first substantial collection of Pye's verse
-Aristotle's Poetics (1792)
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Henry James Pye Poems
The Triumph Of Fashion
In that bless'd season, when descending snows, In robes of virgin white, the fields inclose; When Beaux, and Belles, their rural seat ...
Carmen Seculare For The Year 1800
I. Incessant down the stream of Time And days, and years, and ages, roll, Speeding through Error's iron clime
Beauty. Part I.
The various powers by Nature's hand combin'd To fill with harmony the raptur'd mind; Whose forms, as diff'rent lustre they i ...
By gay Amusement's soul-subduing power To chear the mournful or the vacant hour, In fancy's freakful gambols to delight,
Beauty. Part Ii
Of all that Nature's rural prospects yield, The chrystal fountain and the flow'ry field, Enough, my Muse!—the force of Beauty trace
Alfred. Book V.
'Mid Selwood's sylvan walks, with martial care, The king arrays his valiant troops for war.— As when autumnal vapours dimly rise, And load, with future storms, the misty skies,
Alfred. Book Vi.
Soon as the Morn, in rosy mantle dight, Spread o'er the dewy hills her orient light, The victor monarch ranged his warrior train,
Alfred. Book Iii.
Along the borders of the silver Thone, With alders dank, and matted sedge o'er-grown, Led by the guidance of the shepherd swain, Unseen, and silent, pass the cautious train,
Alfred. Book V.
'Mid Selwood's sylvan walks, with martial care, The king arra ...
A Greek Scolion, Or Song
In myrtle wreaths my sword I bear, As, fir'd by zeal, the illustrious pair Conceal'd from view the ...
From the clear stream that o'er her grotto flows The silver-slipper'd Avon slowly rose,
The solemn hand of sable-suited night Enwraps the silent earth with mantle drear; Thick gathering clouds obscure fair CYNTHIA's light;
Song: The Flowers Of The Spring That En...
The flowers of the Spring that enamel the vale, Give their dyes to the meadows, their sweets to the gale, From the sun-beam, the shower, and the so ...
A Fragment Of Simonides
As on the well-fram'd Vessel's side Impetuous pours the stormy tide, Aloud the furious whirlwinds sound,
Alfred. Book Iii.
ARGUMENT. Measures against the Danes.—Prophecy of the future Fortunes of Alfred and his Posterity.
Along the borders of the silver Thone,
With alders dank, and matted sedge o'er-grown,
Led by the guidance of the shepherd swain,
Unseen, and silent, pass the cautious train,
Till, mid the conflux of the mingling streams,
A deep morass the emerging island seems.