1945-2015: 70th Anniversary of Gabriela Mistral's Nobel Prize in Literature
'' homenaje a una de las más grandes poetas de la lengua española, Gabriela Mistral, premio Nobel de Literatura en 1945 y una de las figuras hispanoamericanas de mayor prestigio internacional. Esta singular mujer, que ejerció el magisterio con excepcional vocación, sintetiza las utopías panamericanistas de una buena parte de la intelectualidad de la primera mitad del siglo xx en América. Gabriela Mistral es, por todo esto, la muestra más clara de hibridismo racial y cultural, la feliz conjunción de muchas vertientes poéticas. ''
- Centro Virtual Cervantes -
Analysis of ''Todas Ibamos a Ser Reinas'' - ''We Were All to be Queens'' [see the 2 boxes below]
In the poem ''We Were All to be Queens'', in her collection of poems 'Tala', Mistral writes of herself and three childhood friends.
The poem demonstrates several themes and characteristics typical of her work. Representative of Mistal's own longings, there is a sad reminissence of the childhood fantasies of happiness and grandeur. Also present in the poem is the reverence for the Chilean landscape.
Efigenia, Soledad, Rosalie and Lucila (the author) are all children in the small schoolhouse where Gabriel studied as a child. The ''four kingdoms on the sea'' could refer to the four corners of the one-room school. The mountains and valley that compose the far-off kingdom where the fantasy of their future lives is to take place reflects the landscape of Chile.
The hundred mountains are the Andes prominent along the thin line Chile. Mistral creates the image of a circular valley surounded by spouting Chilean volcanos. The simili, ''that blaze red like burnished offerings or tributes of saffron ore'', not only evokes images of errupting volcanos, but also connects the landscape to the religion of the Chilean people. The offerings and tributes of the firey, volcanic land is in coexistence with the Catholic religion for which the red blood of Christ and the golden offerings to the church are fundamental parts.
The life of the poet comes forth in this poem. Thwarted love and life plans that went unrealized are central to the poem. ''We said it, enraptured, and believed it perfectly'' manifests the emotional faith the author had that her childhood dreams would be realized.
The ''kingdoms of the sea'' can be interpreted in several ways. The kingdoms may simply be the realization of the women's lives complete with perfect husbands, ''kings and poets like David of Judea'', and children. However, the kingdoms of the sea that the young girls dreamed of can be equated to the religious goals they had. The ''sea'' in this case, would take on its traditional meaning to symbolize death. The kindom of death being heaven.
Mistral brings together themes of religion, love for her native country, and the young dreams of her childhood in ''We Were All to be Queens''. There is a sadness behind the poem as the poet seems to laugh at the naive hopes of her childhood.
And we go on and on, Neither sleeping nor awake, Towards the meeting, unaware That we are already there. That the silence is perfect, And that the flesh is gone. The call still is not heard Nor does the Caller reveal his face.