Aristotle

(384 – 322 / Greece)

Aristotle
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Aristotle (Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης, Aristotélēs) (384 BC – 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. His writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato's teacher), Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. Aristotle's writings constitute a first at creating a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality and aesthetics, logic and science, politics and metaphysics.

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  • ''Rhetoric may be defined as the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion.''
    Aristotle (384-323 B.C.), Greek philosopher. Rhetoric 1.2; 1355b27-28, trans. by Roberts, The Complete Works of Aristotle, ed. Jonathan Barnes, Prince...
  • Of the modes of persuasion furnished by the spoken word there are three kinds. The first kind depends on the personal character of the speaker; the second on putting the audience into a certain frame ...
    Aristotle (384-323 B.C.), Greek philosopher. Rhetoric 1.2; 1358a2-4, trans. by Roberts, The Complete Works of Aristotle, ed. Jonathan Barnes, Princeto...
  • ''In making a speech one must study three points: first, the means of producing persuasion; second, the language; third the proper arrangement of the various parts of the speech.''
    Aristotle (384-323 B.C.), Greek philosopher. Rhetoric 1.3; 1403b5-7, trans. by Roberts, The Complete Works of Aristotle, ed. Jonathan Barnes, Princeto...
  • ''Wit is educated insolence.''
    Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), Greek philosopher. The Art of Rhetoric, bk. 2, sct. 12, subsct. 16.
  • ''The moral virtues, then, are produced in us neither by nature nor against nature. Nature, indeed, prepares in us the ground for their reception, but their complete formation is the product of habit.''
    Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), Greek philosopher. The Ethics of Aristotle, bk. 3, ch. 1 (1953).
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Best Poem of Aristotle

Hymn To Virtue

Virtue, to men thou bringest care and toil;
Yet art thou life's best, fairest spoil!
O virgin goddess, for thy beauty's sake
To die is delicate in this our Greece,
Or to endure of pain the stern strong ache.
Such fruit for our soul's ease
Of joys undying, dearer far than gold
Or home or soft-eyed sleep, dost thou unfold!
It was for thee the seed of Zeus,
Stout Herakles, and Leda's twins, did choose
Strength-draining deeds, to spread abroad thy name:
Smit with the love of thee
Aias and Achilleus went smilingly
Down to Death's portal, crowned with deathless...

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